Crazy floods nowadays

zzz

Floods happen for several reasons – rivers overflowing their banks, due to excessive rains, ice melting in the mountains, etc….. And the reason why floods happen so often is because of the climate changes.

We are witnesses of most frequent floods that are happening everywhere in the world at the moment more than ever before due to the climate changes. In the USA, in every single state there are floods happening during a year, and what about Europe? Britain? In my country (Serbia) this year was the second time in past 2 years that emergency was declared. Hundreds of people were been forced to evacuate, not to mention the economical, environmental  and health impacts floods are causing.

During floods, roads, bridges, farms, houses and automobiles are destroyed. People become homeless or even get killed, as well as animals, which ruins the local ecosystem. Environment suffers by hazardous and other chemical substances ending up in water.

 

What to do if you face the flood? Before…During….And after.

  •  If you are facing the flood the best option is to go to the highest ground of floor in your house and wait for help.
  • Disinfect your skin if it comes in contact with contaminated water in order to avoid any health issues or diseases and infections.
  • If you are living in risky flood areas, have a first aid kit prepared which contains radio, water, canned food, warm clothing, battery lamp, protective clothing, even a life belt if you have. Have a safe place for your valuables so they don’t get destroyed during the floods. Plant trees and bushes around your property as vegetation controls erosion and lowers the speed of floods.
  • As you see that level of water raises be quick and evacuate yourself and others around as fast as you can because flash floods occur in minutes. Turn of all electrical devices, gas, heating systems, etc. It is important to always stay away from power lines.
  • Don’t use your car during floods, even little amount of moving water can sweep them away.
  • After the floods it is important to get permission to go back to your house. You have to clean your house properly to remove all contaminated material (wear a gasmask). Make sure you make photos of all the damages in order to get insurance.

 

To enter or not?

Consider entering flood water  to help others, only if:

  • water is no more than 10cm deep
  • water is not moving
  • there is hard surface underneath – tarmac/concrete but not grass
  • you can see the surface beneath the water

You never know what is under the deep and dirty water, you can injure yourself badly.

z

What can we do about it?

Beside reducing pollution, since this crazy floods recently occurred mostly because of climate changes, we as individuals cannot do anything  about it. However,  floods can be prevented on governmental level.

Things that can be done to prevent serious damages caused by floods are: building defense walls by placing sand bags into critical areas or building retaining walls, which hold extra water during flooding. Town planning plays a big role in this, people should make sure to get permission before building to keep waterways not blocked. Also all drainage systems should be covered to be kept safe from other objects and litter. This way water can run trough and minimize any chances of town flooding. New land development can be risky if the construction changers natural runoff paths. As mentioned above vegetation is also important because it protects land from erosion by moving water. Detention basin
are small reservoirs connected to waterways which provide a temporary storage for flood water. So when floods occur, water is first drained into the basin giving people more time for evacuation.

 

Did you know?

  • 2/3 of those who die in floods are considered to be good swimmers
  • 32% of flood-related deaths are by drowning in a vehicle
  • If the speed of the flood water doubles the force it exerts on you/your car is quadrupled
  • Just 15cm (6 inches) of fast flowing water can knock you off your feet and be enough for you to be unable to regain your footing.
  • Just 30cm of flowing water could be enough to move the average family car
  •  
There is also something good about floods, especially those that occur in farm fields. Floodwaters carry lots of nutrients that are deposited in the plains. Farmers love such soils, as they are perfect for cultivating some kinds of crops.

 

Useful sources and references:

http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/floods-profile/

https://www.tpchd.org/environment/prevent-respond-to-flooding/

http://www.icdo.org/en/disasters/natural-disasters/floods/

http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/habitats/riverslakes/why-rivers-flood-andhow-to-reduce-risk.xml

http://floodlist.com/europe

 

 

 

Advertisements

Are people really the most intelligent species in the world as they claim? More intelligent than animals and their predecessors?

profil intelligence

Human beings consider to be the most intelligent species in this world. I would say in theory yes, but if you look on practical examples….Humanity, you failed.

Massive deforestation in order to make space for plantations making palm oil we use in our everyday products. The fastest way is to cut and burn which produces enormous carbon dioxide released to the air. This is stupid in many ways. Firstly because trees are taking carbon dioxide from the air and storing them forever releasing oxygen. Secondly, when you cut or burn those trees, all that carbon dioxide stored for years in those trees is released.  And last but not least, smog that is the product of burning produces carbon dioxide and pollutes additionally the air. So the amount of carbon dioxide is doubled.  Smart,no?

burnamazon-burning_1490837i006_pag20090228d0526-1072x714o-deforestation-facebook

 

Then comes the water pollution… Seems like animals were not using objects on those pictures and left all the garbage behind themselves. Nature also didn’t… So who did? Maybe the most intelligent species, who knows…

oceans-trash-water-1_80621_990x742oceanicdumpwater pollution

Industry waste

 

Landfills seem to have the same situation. Is that a zebra driving that dredge behind? 80% of waste in this world is recyclable so I don’t understand why smart species choose this kind of options…

landfill-1020x610landfill080219_rfoster_mp_environment_recycling1

 

So, the questions is why the smartest species destroy homes of less smart species? Is that a proof of intelligence? These animals lost their natural habitats for no reason. Ok, there was a reason – to serve people’s egoistic wants (not needs), but that part we can skip as always. Look deeply inside the eyes of those animals and tell me what you see. They lost their homes and it’s not their fault. When we lose our homes, it will be completely our fault.

west20africa20201620742_zpscjpasme1

seal-trapped-in-nets

plastic-pollution-seal-trappedtedx-deextinction-technologies-could-be-used-to-justify-environment-destruction_65180_600x450

9d7add4572acad137c1f0b6c729a2a08

Injured orangutan due to the burn of rain forests

Endangered species Radiated tortoise with destroyed habitat in Madagascar

44orangutan-alleine-wuestepolar-bears-putin-1

 

So world, beyond you can see animals, species that are less intelligent than we are. After  this text I see judgment in eyes of this monkey. They are not smart enough to make money, use natural resources for their selfish needs, kill for additional penny. They are smart enough to know how to show love and humanity, that we once used to know.

Between themselves…..

more-than-human-animal-photography-tim-flach-15three_elephants_curly_kisses

….and others….

baboon2badopts2bbush2bbaby2b1

 

Even this tree now looks smarter after those pictures,no? Trees take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and turn it into oxygen, more practical than any factory I can think of. And it’s created by nature.

nature_big_tree_hd

 

*All pics are taken from google images

 

 

Mobile phones and the environment. How can we contribute to this problem? What is planned obsolescence? How are we manipulated by our favorite brands?

According to the eMarketer Mobile Media is today greater than Desktop and other Media. Why is that surprising when our phone is actually a pocket computer. Unfortunately the most common used technology has the shortest lifetime. One of the reasons is that brands are encouraging us to always strive to have the latest model.

How many spare phones do you have in your house? Did you know that, like plastic bags, mobiles and other electronic devices can take up to 1000 years to break down?

Searching the Internet there is a common term called planned obsolescence. It claims that mobile phones are programmed by producers to have 2-3 years lifetime so you always have to renew your device. There are thousands of people on the Internet who had complaints about their phone breaking right after the 18 months contract.

Throwing away your old phones is extremely dangerous for the environment because phones are mainly made of toxic materials such as arsenic, lithium, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury and zinc. These poisonous substances may leach from decomposing waste in landfills, reach the groundwater and contaminate the soil. Metals that are found in the soil can enter the food chain and in sufficient presence may cause health problems.

But throwing your old phone is not the only danger for the environment. The production of new mobile phones also leads to climate change by using up energy and virgin materials, which release greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere.

How can we contribute to minimize this problem?

Continue reading Mobile phones and the environment. How can we contribute to this problem? What is planned obsolescence? How are we manipulated by our favorite brands?

Wool is cool

wooliscool

People were using wool as clothing material since the Stone Age because of it’s various advantages. Wool is absorbing water vapor when humidity rises and falls, that is the reason why it works like a natural insulator. Wool can also serve as a UV protector. Since it’s a natural fabric, it’s in harmony body mechanisms and it isn’t causing allergies. It absorbs moisture and keeps skin dry. Wool lasts very long, much more than cotton or other material, and it is comparatively stronger than steel. The biggest wool producer in the world is Australia; on the second place is China.

Using wool is environmentally friendly because it is reusable and biodegradable.Once a year sheep must be sheared anyway and the most important thing is that there are no killings or victims in order to take something useful from animals as usual. Besides clothing, wool can be used to replace insulation, which causes much less energy consumption. It is also sound proof and fire resistant. One sheared sheep can bring you 5 new sweaters or 70 pairs of socks.

Continue reading Wool is cool